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Human Origin According To The Quranic Science (Part 1)
for quran and hadith references.
a) Origin of man according to the quran and the hadith
Since people believe in allegedly divine religion because they think it answers their questions as regard their origin, their life in this world and where they are going to end up finally, so it is time to see if religion truly answers their questions which they think it really does and that their these questions are very important for them.
My own views are different looking at religion from different perspectives.
1) From the truth perspective no allegedly divine religion is absolutely true nor can be proven true and that all such religions can be proven false by way of cross examining their alleged scriptures, therefore to believe in falsehood as true makes no sense to me hence I rather not believe in anything, for make belief serves no real purpose for me.
2) From exploitative perspective I think religion is pure and simple evil at a grand scale. The politically organised religion is invention of some short-sighted people in position of power ie masters to exploit and abuse others ie by turning them into their slaves. People in position of power always used religion from a political aspect to secure their status or position in society and to secure and enhance their undue economic gains hence they fight tooth and nail to keep this aspect of religion alive for this reason. The major point here is that if religion meant to be political, it ought to solve or help solve peopleâ€™s problems which they face in living their daily lives in this world. Instead of many, many places of worship and religious schools which produce useless people, we ought to see many, many proper schools, colleges and universities that produced doctors, lawyers and engineers etc etcâ€¦. This clearly shows that religious politics are no use when it comes to solving peopleâ€™s daily problems, because people that could do that do not come from religious educational institutions.
From a political struggle perspective, religion is used to organise and mobilise masses to achieve political ends. If ends are good for humanity, which is seldom the case, then there is no harm in such movements but as it is often the case that once you start a struggle in the name of religion, the line between religious and secular becomes blurred and causes difficulties on a large scale, so it is better to use political struggles to establish political ends and not religion, for that is a very dangerous game.
3) From the evolution perspective speculation about the supernatural is merely the start of thought process and so it is natural to be superstitious till you know better as we are all born ignorant 16/78 and take time to become learned and only as much as we can, depending on our individual circumstances or environmental conditions and situations. In this situation we are all as confused as we can be and almost all of us take comfort from superstitious beliefs unless conditioned or trained to disbelieve in superstition by way of education that makes us worldly wise.
From a way of life perspective, religion is necessary for humanity in order to live in peace by creating harmony through necessary regulations and progressing towards prosperity by organising itself in this manner. For religion from this perspective was invented for making life in this world better for humanity. However by putting fear of the unknown ie god in people's minds so that they behaved themselves and did not do things that increased our problems as a human society, we brought upon ourselves problems like stagnation as well. Remember, the crime preventative and detecting measures in those days were not as good as today. Just as mothers frighten their kids from committing acts that may land them in trouble by using the fear of the unknown, so did the masters (eg kings and priests etc) of people in times long past. Indoctrination works wonders. However, nowadays there is little or no use of religion in this respect.
So depends on the angle you are looking from at religion, it is absolutely necessary and good as well as absolutely evil and should be got rid of. Moreover, it is hence clear that one way or the other we are all deeply religious regardless we believe in the concept of god or not, for being religious does not mean you have to believe in existence of god. Since I am arguing against religion from only and only two perspectives ie the truth perspective and the exploitation perspective therefore the reader is reminded to keep that in mind to save oneself from confusion. It is in these respects that I question religionâ€™s authenticity and authenticity of whatever religion teaches as regard beliefs and practices and its followersâ€™ such beliefs and deeds. For example, is it really true that man came to being the way the allegedly divine scriptures tells us? Is it really true that woman came to being the way we are told in religious writings? Is it really true that woman could produce a child without the need of man? Is it really true that human reproduction happens the way we are told in the allegedly divine revelations?
So what is the origin of man? The answer is found in 2/30, 7/11, 15/28, 17/61, 18/50, 20/115, 38/69,72/6 etc. It is very important that one reads these different versions of the story of first manâ€™s creation.
YUSUFALI: Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent on earth." They said: "Wilt Thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood?- whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?" He said: "I know what ye know not."
YUSUFALI: Behold! thy Lord said to the angels: "I am about to create man, from sounding clay from mud moulded into shape;
YUSUFALI: "When I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spirit, fall ye down in obeisance unto him."
YUSUFALI: (Iblis) said: "I am not one to prostrate myself to man, whom Thou didst create from sounding clay, from mud moulded into shape."
Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 3:
Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, "On the Day of Resurrection the Believers will assemble and say, 'Let us ask somebody to intercede for us with our Lord.' So they will go to Adam and say, 'You are the father of all the people, and Allah created you with His Own Hands, and ordered the angels to prostrate to you, and taught you the names of all things; so please intercede for us with your Lord, so that He may relieve us from this place of ours.' Adam will say, 'I am not fit for this (i.e. intercession for you).' Then Adam will remember his sin and feel ashamed thereof. He will say, 'Go to Noah, for he was the first Apostle, Allah sent to the inhabitants of the earth.' They will go to him and Noah will say, (the hadith continues but is irrelevant to quote the whole of it)
Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 543:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah created Adam, making him 60 cubits tall. When He created him, He said to him, "Go and greet that group of angels, and listen to their reply, for it will be your greeting (salutation) and the greeting (salutations of your offspring." So, Adam said (to the angels), As-Salamu Alaikum (i.e. Peace be upon you). The angels said, "As-salamu Alaika wa Rahmatu-l-lahi" (i.e. Peace and Allah's Mercy be upon you). Thus the angels added to Adam's salutation the expression, 'Wa Rahmatu-l-lahi,' Any person who will enter Paradise will resemble Adam (in appearance and figure). People have been decreasing in stature since Adam's creation.
Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 544:
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The first group of people who will enter Paradise, will be glittering like the full moon and those who will follow them, will glitter like the most brilliant star in the sky. They will not urinate, relieve nature, spit, or have any nasal secretions. Their combs will be of gold, and their sweat will smell like musk. The aloes-wood will be used in their centers. Their wives will be houris. All of them will look alike and will resemble their father Adam (in statute), sixty cubits tall."
Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 260:
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Adam and Moses met, and Moses said to Adam "You are the one who made people miserable and turned them out of Paradise." Adam said to him, "You are the one whom Allah selected for His message and whom He selected for Himself and upon whom He revealed the Torah." Moses said, 'Yes.' Adam said, "Did you find that written in my fate before my creation?' Moses said, 'Yes.' So Adam overcame Moses with this argument."
YUSUFALI: The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: "Be". And he was.
If one has read the story of first manâ€™s creation, one will not fail to notice that this story tells us that god created the first man called Adam by direct intervention. He created him from the earth by forming him into shape with his own hands and then breathed life into him. He then taught him things and placed him in the paradise with his wife, where-after he was placed on the earth to live his life as we do etc etc. Right from the word go it becomes clear that the story is clearly a made up one ie not real, for natural world does not work like that at all. However even if one forgets about the way the natural world works one has to ask, why god needs earth to create man? Why he needs to bother with moulding the earth into human shape and why does he need to breath life into him, when it is only a matter of saying to him, be, and he would have become, as the quran says elsewhere 2/117, 3/47, 36/82, 40/68, 54/50 etc etc? Somebody is making up silly excuses here for some silly reason or so it seems to me.
If it is important for god to tell us that he used the natural means partly to bring about Adam, it defeats the very notion and purpose of his direct intervention 3/47, 36/82, 54/50 etc. Either god intervened or he did not. If he did then it would have made more sense if he had explained how it was possible for him as a nonmaterial being to affect the material world. Simply telling us this is how god did something becomes meaningless, for we cannot envisage the possibility of such a thing happening. Either god ought to say, let there be a man or that he ought to let nature take its course. So there is a serious flaw in this story the way it is told to have happened. Look at the size of Adam as well compared to ourselves. One will see such inconsistencies repeated in the quran and the hadith many times eg one only has to read story of Moses.
The other problem is with the setting and the plane of god eg where was Adam created ie in the heavens or here on the earth? Was he created on the earth and then taken to the heavens to live in the paradise in there or was the paradise brought down here on the earth? What was Adam created for? Again the story goes that there were angels and jinns already there because god created them before Adam. Angels we are told never question godâ€™s wisdom but here we are told they did thus results a clear contradiction in the quran. Jinns we are told were created for exactly the same purpose as the humans ie with free will for test to see if they will worship god or not 67/2. If this is the case then satan being a jinn what was he doing in the heavens already living in paradise when he was supposed to be on trial at the time? This shows another contradiction in the quran as regard the purpose of creation of jinns.
There is yet another problem in this story, which is that people cannot see or hear god in this life, because some religious people say that if we did then we could not practice our freewill, yet satan has no such problems, which again contradicts the scenario, visibility of god versus practice of freewill. Now imagine the scenario that satan being fully aware of existence of god and his power, deliberately dares to disobey god, is that possible to do for any mindful creature and be comfortable with it the way the quran shows that the satan was being fully aware of the consequences? There is yet another problem with the story. God commands angels to bow down to Adam yet expects satan to take it as a commandment for himself as well, as if god expects satan to read his mind and satan does that because the quran tells us how he argues against the order of god. What all these flaws show is that the inventor of the story is not a realist but a fiction writer and bad even at that 15/27, 51/56, 55/14, 15, 33, 74. So far we have only discussed the origin of the very first man according to the quran and as we can see it makes no sense whatsoever. This story in my view can only be accepted true by people who have not helped themselves to knowledge of natural world and love childish stories which give us no real answers to our intriguing questions.
Adam is created in godâ€™s own image ie he has personality, face, hands, legs, feet etc etc, or is it that Adam has created god in his own image? In some verses Allah questions polytheists as regard their gods and ask, have they got eyes to see, or ears to hear, or hands to catch, or feet to walk etc, then how can they be gods? Meaning that gods ought to have all these features, or is that they would be gods if they had these features and since they do not, so they are not gods. Since humans and even monkeys have these features, are they gods? As we can see the quran fails to give answer to the question of the origin of the first man. It is a very difficult if not impossible question for the scientists to answer who believe in creationism the way it is told in the holy scriptures. Evolutionists are also having serious difficulty but their ideas make better sense and most educated people prefer their explanations of things as holy scriptures make no sense whatsoever.
Muslim, Book 039, Number 6707:
Abu Haraira reported that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) took hold of my hands and said: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, created the clay on Saturday and He created the mountains on Sunday and He created the trees on Monday and He created the things entailing labour on Tuesday and created light on Wednesday and lie caused the animals to spread on Thursday and created Adam (peace be upon him) after 'Asr on Friday;the last creation at the last hour of the hours of Friday, i. e. between afternoon and night.
Please note that Allah created light ie the sun on Wednesday. Before that Allah created the earth and the plants etc also. The question is, was any kind of life possible on the earth before the creation of the sun? The question also rises as to what is the meaning of day here if there were no days and nights yet because the sun was not even created yet to give rise to the phenomenon known as the day and the night?
b) The origin and status of woman according to the quran and the hadith.
YUSUFALI: It is He Who hath produced you from a single person: here is a place of sojourn and a place of departure: We detail Our signs for people who understand.
YUSUFALI: It is He Who created you from a single person, and made his mate of like nature, in order that he might dwell with her (in love). When they are united, she bears a light burden and carries it about (unnoticed). When she grows heavy, they both pray to Allah their Lord, (saying): "If Thou givest us a goodly child, we vow we shall (ever) be grateful."
Muslim, Book 008, Number 3466:
AbuHuraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Woman is like a rib. When you attempt to straighten it, you would break it. And if you leave her alone you would benefit by her, and crookedness will remain in her. A hadith like this is reported by another chain of narrators
Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 6, Number 301:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: Once Allah's Apostle went out to the Musalla (to offer the prayer) o 'Id-al-Adha or Al-Fitr prayer. Then he passed by the women and said, "O women! Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you (women)." They asked, "Why is it so, O Allah's Apostle ?" He replied, "You curse frequently and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you." The women asked, "O Allah's Apostle! What is deficient in our intelligence and religion?" He said, "Is not the evidence of two women equal to the witness of one man?" They replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her intelligence. Isn't it true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses?" The women replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her religion."
Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 139:
Narrated Abdullah: We used to participate in the holy wars carried on by the Prophet and we had no women (wives) with us. So we said (to the Prophet ). "Shall we castrate ourselves?" But the Prophet forbade us to do that and thenceforth he allowed us to marry a woman (temporarily) by giving her even a garment, and then he recited: "O you who believe! Do not make unlawful the good things which Allah has made lawful for you."
Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 66, Number 380:
Narrated Salman bin 'Amir Ad-Dabbi:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "'Aqiqa is to be offered for a (newly born) boy, so slaughter (an animal) for him, and relieve him of his suffering." (Note: It has been quoted in Fateh-AL-Bari that the majority of the Religious Scholars agrees to the Hadith narrated in Sahih At-TlRMlZY that the Prophet was asked about Aqiqa and he ordered 2 sheep for a boy and one sheep for a girl and that is his tradition "SUNNA".)
Muslim, Book 008, Number 3467:
Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported: Woman has been created from a rib and will in no way be straightened for you; so if you wish to benefit by her, benefit by her while crookedness remains in her. And if you attempt to straighten her, you will break her, and breaking her is divorcing her.
Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 547:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "But for the Israelis, meat would not decay and but for Eve, wives would never betray their husbands."
Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 548:
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah 's Apostle said, "Treat women nicely, for a women is created from a rib, and the most curved portion of the rib is its upper portion, so, if you should try to straighten it, it will break, but if you leave it as it is, it will remain crooked. So treat women nicely."
Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 311:
Narrated Aisha: I used to look down upon those ladies who had given themselves to Allah's Apostle and I used to say, "Can a lady give herself (to a man)?" But when Allah revealed: "You (O Muhammad) can postpone (the turn of) whom you will of them (your wives), and you may receive any of them whom you will; and there is no blame on you if you invite one whose turn you have set aside (temporarily).' (33.51) I said (to the Prophet), "I feel that your Lord hastens in fulfilling your wishes and desires."
Muslim, Book 008, Number 3468:
Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who believes in Allah and the Hereafter, if he witnesses any matter he should talk in good terms about it or keep quiet. Act kindly towards woman, for woman is created from a rib, and the most crooked part of the rib is its top. If you attempt to straighten it, you will break it, and if you leave it, its crookedness will remain there. So act kindly towards women.
Muslim, Book 008, Number 3471:
Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Had it not been for Eve, woman would have never acted unfaithfully towards her husband.
Muslim, Book 008, Number 3472:
Hammam b. Munabbih said: These are some of the ahadith which Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) narrated to us from Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him), and one of these (this one): Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Had it not been for Bani Isra'il, food would not have become stale, and meal would not have gone bad; and had it not been for Eve, a woman would never have acted unfaithfully toward her husband.
YUSUFALI: He created you (all) from a single person: then created, of like nature, his mate; and he sent down for you eight head of cattle in pairs: He makes you, in the wombs of your mothers, in stages, one after another, in three veils of darkness. such is Allah, your Lord and Cherisher: to Him belongs (all) dominion. There is no god but He: then how are ye turned away (from your true Centre)?
YUSUFALI: O mankind! reverence your Guardian-Lord, who created you from a single person, created, of like nature, His mate, and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women;- reverence Allah, through whom ye demand your mutual (rights), and (reverence) the wombs (That bore you): for Allah ever watches over you.
YUSUFALI: O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).
As one can clearly see that right from the beginning no much attention has been given to the creation of woman in the quran nor to her status. All we are told is that Allah created woman from man. There is no mention of angels bowing down to woman etc etc. According to the hadith or the bible, the woman is named Eve and was created by god from Adamâ€™a rib. The other animals were also created in pairs but we are not told if any of their females were created from the ribs of their males. So this is all the explanation one finds in the quran or hadith as regard creation of woman except that Adam was put to deep sleep when his rib was taken out by divine operation, tells the bible and the hadith. Once again we are at a loss here as to why god needed to put Adam to deep sleep for this purpose, could he not say, be? Thereafter we are told that from these two ie Adam and Eve Allah brought forth the whole humanity. The story clearly shows that man was created a perfect man and women was created a perfect woman ie humans only and only come in two exact sexes or genders. There is no concept of sexual variations. We are also told about children of Adam and Eve.
YUSUFALI: Recite to them the truth of the story of the two sons of Adam. Behold! they each presented a sacrifice (to Allah): It was accepted from one, but not from the other. Said the latter: "Be sure I will slay thee." "Surely," said the former, "Allah doth accept of the sacrifice of those who are righteous.
Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 552:
Narrated Abdullah: Allah's Apostle said, "Whenever a person is murdered unjustly, there is a share from the burden of the crime on the first son of Adam for he was the first to start the tradition of murdering."
YUSUFALI: "If thou dost stretch thy hand against me, to slay me, it is not for me to stretch my hand against thee to slay thee: for I do fear Allah, the cherisher of the worlds.
YUSUFALI: "For me, I intend to let thee draw on thyself my sin as well as thine, for thou wilt be among the companions of the fire, and that is the reward of those who do wrong."
YUSUFALI: The (selfish) soul of the other led him to the murder of his brother: he murdered him, and became (himself) one of the lost ones.
YUSUFALI: Then Allah sent a raven, who scratched the ground, to show him how to hide the shame of his brother. "Woe is me!" said he; "Was I not even able to be as this raven, and to hide the shame of my brother?" then he became full of regrets-
The story is also found in the bible. It surprises one to see Allah so concerned about hiding the body of a dead human but he is not concerned at all when he orders mass killing of infidels 8/67 or for that matter cutting off hands and feet of others including muslims for theft for example 2/178, 5/36,41,48 etc. At one time Allah seems to be so concerned about trivial matters yet ignores matters of universal nature. The contradiction is obvious if one reads 5/35 in contrast with the above verses. Anyway by now we have a man created out of mud and woman created of his rib. The next problem we have in this is when Allah suddenly announces the birth of Jesus with out the need for him having a father 19/20 etc.
YUSUFALI: She said: "O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man hath touched me?" He said: "Even so: Allah createth what He willeth: When He hath decreed a plan, He but saith to it, 'Be,' and it is!
YUSUFALI: To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth: How can He have a son when He hath no consort? He created all things, and He hath full knowledge of all things.
Again we have problem that Allah is intervening but only partly. Moreover the question is, what is his purpose of doing all this? The argument is that Allah cannot have a son because he does not have a wife. This means that in the sight of Allah to have children there ought to be two parents ie male and female. Then Allah himself goes to show that no, you really do not need both parents to have children, for Jesus is fatherless and before that Eve was motherless and Adam had neither father nor mother, so what are we supposed to make of all this clear divine message of the all wise? On top of all this we are told the purpose of creating jesus this way was to make him a sign to children of Israel. However, to find a virgin with a child would have meant certain death for mary for that was the law of moses ie stone the adulterer to death. She had no way to prove her innocence, did she?
This meant somehow mary had to hide her pregnancy and if that was the case then how would people know that mary was really a virgin and that her pregnancy was a sign from Allah? For as far as people were concerned, she could have been with a man and got pregnant and made up the story, could she not? Moreover, such a sign ought to cause problem even today, for peopleâ€™s normal experience is that human children are only born through both parents and so if anyone claimed otherwise would be unbelievable. It is hard enough to believe in the real world but to go against that is unbelievable. Especially when Allah himself uses real world events here and there to try and prove his claims. So using real world event to prove oneâ€™s claims and making claims against the way real world works does not add up, does it 2/164, 42/24 etc etc? The other problem I am ignoring here is that, if Adam and Eve are the very first pair of human beings then their children would have problem finding marriage partners, would they not, for brothers and sisters are not allowed to marry each other? However if they are, does it mean god too is bound to make laws according to peoples' circumstances or according to his divine nature? There are implications in either case. So one can see how far the alleged divine scripture helps us understand our origin and past or the way the world is and so one can guess whether we are led by the scripture or misled by it as regard our future as well.
As explained already, the quran does not tell us- how exactly the first human male (Adam) came to being; how exactly the first human female (Eve) came to being from this male; and how exactly a male (Jesus) came to being from a female only (ie Mary) -other than a mythical answer ie god intervened in a haphazard way that was neither supernatural nor natural. Hence there is no proper science involved here nor religion for that matter and the case is similar as regard our own coming to being. The quran only tells us as far as people at the time knew about something or could be assumed to know. If people did not know something, the author of the quran just made it up and we have a whole lot of people trying to explain those mythical ideas to make us believe that the quran really tells us all about everything we know today or we needed to know about our past or for that matter things we need to know for our future.
The quran talks about Adam and his wife and their children but does not tell us as to how they got their children 4/1, 5/30. Did god intervene or was it from then on a natural process for reproduction? Moreover as one will see that being the only couple, ie Adam and Eve, how would their children have partners to get married to, since marriage between brothers and sisters would be incestuous? The quran remains silent, why? It would have been better if god had created two separate couples and gave them children such that their children could marry each other. Why god created woman from a man instead of creating her from dust just like the man? All this makes no sense whatsoever, for god knew he was going to lay down the law for mankind and these things would cause problem. For god to create one human being is same as creating the whole lot of them so why not create four people to solve the problem of incest 31/28? The bible also has a problem ie Adam and Eve are the very first human beings yet Cain finds another people to live amongst from whom comes his wife, I would think, see gen 4/14-15 etc.
However the question now is, how do human being come to being or what is natural process according to the quran and the hadith etc regarding this? The islamic reproduction process is described in the quran and the hadith, which I am going to discuss. The idea is to look for consistency in the described process regardless supernatural or natural in order to have clear answers to our problems or questions. If we do not find clear answers to our origin, presence, destination or sensible purpose then the scriptures or religions do not serve any purpose whatsoever as religious people would have us believe. Even so religion in my view should be a matter for individual to decide for oneself but unfortunately it has been turned into a political battle ground and is pushed with utmost vigour and zeal by religious propagation centres. It is therefore necessary in my view that people join together to put a stop to this carry on and ensure freedom of faith as well as freedom from faith. Unless we have tolerant and cooperating societies anywhere and everywhere, the world cannot become a better place.
My writings therefore are not to be taken in context of attack on religion but as an alternative view on religious truth. It is possible to prove faults in the scriptures but impossible to prove them fault-free. That is because faults can be seen and shown clearly by way of reality check but perfection cannot be seen nor shown clearly as already explained elsewhere. So people who push religious agenda vigorously instead of as an information must be stopped for sake of better world. It is in this context that I am expressing my views, for talking is better than fighting to solve our this problem of intolerance between people of the world. So let us see whether the quran actually has real answers for our questions or is it that some people are trying to pull wool over our eyes.
YUSUFALI: Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing - (not even) mentioned?
Which period is this to which the quran is referring or are we to read the mind of Allah? This question arises because various muslim sects interpret the quran in different ways. Was man really nothing before his birth? Or was he nothing before his creation in spiritual form? What is this spiritual form and spirit that god breathed into man and brought him to life? Is this so called spirit alive on its own, if so why is it not mentioned at all in the quran? Moreover if the spirit is the real essence of man that feels pain and pleasures then why do people need bodies? Angels are spirits and they do not have bodies, so how can they affect material things, if material body is necessity for affecting material things? Yet there are also dozens of verses in the quran telling us that angels draw peoplesâ€™ souls when they are dying 4/97, 6/61, 93, 7/37, 8/50, 16/28, 32, 32/11, 39/42, 47/27. When were these souls created and what are they? Where were or are they kept before creation of humans and after their deaths? Jinns and angels were created by Allah before human beings but there is no mention of souls of jinns or angels. How are they capable of living if soul is necessary to become alive? How do jinns die or how would the angels die if they do not have souls? Moreover if soul is necessary for living then what makes a soul a living being, because by that logic even souls would need souls? Also one has to ask, what is death?
There is yet another problem ie, can there be more than one soul in one body? The quran tells us, god did not create anyone with two hearts 33/4, does that mean that god did not make the human body to accept more than one soul? If so, what is this idea of a jinn taking over a humanâ€™s body or a human having any jinns under his command 2/275, 6/71, 128, 7/184, 26/27, 27/17, 39-40, 34/12, 14, 46, 51/52, 52/29, 68/2, 72/6 etc etc? The problem is similar with magic 2/102, 7/107 etc etc. We are told in the quran that jinns and magic have supernatural powers whereby humans and jinns can control each other. Why is it that jinns only possess living human beings rather than taking over the bodies of the dead human beings and thus bringing them back to life after death? Would the muslim jinns not play such tricks on nonmuslims and thus get a lot of converts? Would nonmuslim jinns not try to use this idea to get followers for themselves? Why is it that jinns and magicians having such powers as they have according to the quran cannot do such things even for themselves that they want or desire ie unbelievable amounts of money or many beautiful women for men or men for women with such powers and all other good things in life? All this seems scare mongering and nothing more than imaginary to me.
If jinns and magicians were really that capable as the quran makes us think, nonmuslim magicians and jinns would have made life hell for muslims and vice versa. There would not be any need for weapons, for muslim jinns and magicians would be able to steal them of the nonmuslims or that they would be able to render them ineffective etc etc. Yet bigger problem is that ignorant muslims are running to all sorts of people who they assume have supernatural powers to rid them of their worldly problems by their magic. All this because the quran tells them clearly that bad people can use magic to create problems for others, so by implication good people ought to be able to solve those problems that bad people create. Hence both sides are ruining lives. One may ask, how the good people are ruining lives? Because they tell the ignorant (who think they are under magic spell) a lot of ritual practices to stay safe, which are really a waste of time, for they could be doing something good for themselves for that time.
People who run to these people are family members, relative, friends or neighbours who mistrust each other between themselves. Mothers-in-law and daughters- in- law, husbands and wives etc etc etc. This is really a very big business worldwide. No people are free of this curse but my concern is more about muslims being one of them myself. Since the quran lends authority to power of jinns and magic, it is actually part of the problem not solution. Had the quran stated clearly that magic was mere trickery ie a ploy by some people to make fool of the other people then solution to this problem would have been education as to what magic really was rather than islam forbidding it and so making it yet more obvious as if magic was really something special ie supernatural. The story of Moses and the magician is repeated in the quran, showing that even Moses was tricked into believing that magic was something supernatural till his god steps in to break the magic spell by his supernatural magic. We also find in the hadith books that spell was cast on prophet himself and it made him feel unwell.
So no wonder we have too many wrong assumptions about magic, demons and angels etc etc. Perhaps it is time for me to get into nitty gritty of magic. The quran uses word sehr for magic. Word magic means trick or trickery, which in turn means a way of doing something or a technique. Whatever anyone does one has to have a way for doing it. Likewise we have two kinds of people ie scientists and magicians who do things using their own ways. They both tell us what they are going to do, and they both do what they told us they were going to do. However, the scientists also tell us how they are going to do something but the magicians donâ€™t. The scientists explain the way they do things but magicians do not. The objective of good scientists is to educate people by demystifying things or mysteries for them but objective of bad magicians is to mystify things for us in order to lead us to belief that they really have supernatural powers. Suppose a scientist and a magician tell us that they are going to turn grain into flour, one will tell us how the flour mill works and thereby turns the grain into flour but the other will hide the mechanism from us to create impression that he is doing something magical. So people who try to trick us or fool us are therefore called magicians. Hence one can see why opponents called the alleged divine prophets magicians ie because they figured these people were up to something no good and they tried to show them so called miracles to fool them. Is it then any wonder that like a magical god we have magical creatures ie Allah creating things magically?
Moreover if there are so many odds stacked against a human being, a weak being as a human is , can Allah be thought of as a wise being to put so many impossible hurdles in front of him as a test? This test for which jinns and human beings are supposed to have been created remains undefined. It is as if unlimited. No human effort or endeavour, pain and suffering is sufficient or too much for this test ie this test has no bounds 64/2, 67/2 etc etc. The quran fails to define it in any sensible way. We humans and jinns are may be after reward and therefore may happily take on pain and suffering but what about other living things eg animals. Do we not see them eating each other alive? What does all this tell us about the nature of this god who allegedly has created the whole thing purposely ie the world and things in it? Can such things be reconciled with the nature of any loving, caring, merciful being let alone a god? When a merciful god, is not a merciful god? This god either does not care about his creatures or that he is happy to see them in such pain and suffering? The food chain is a terrible way to design a system, this design cannot be work of a god who could be called compassionate. There was no need for any god to put things through such hell as we and our fellow living creatures are going through in this world.
We may accept that people are suffering because they are under test but, why it has to be this way that every living thing in this world must suffer for no reason at all? Even humans are created ignorant and that they must fend for themselves or die away in a lot of pain and suffering. One has to think, what use is revelation for human beings who have been created ignorant and that that revelation has no clear guidance in it for them as to how they should live in this world? We are born ignorant and are not at all educated by the holy books as to how should we fulfil our psychological and biological needs in this world. For that we are all on our own and must make all efforts necessary ourselves and yet we are told to be thankful to this god who has done us no favours at all. In thanking this god we are actually taking time out of our struggle for daily living. If we really come to think of it, any hour spent in worshipping this uncaring self centred self righteous god is an hour gone to waste. According to the quran, Allah destroyed human civilisations wholesale, simply because being born ignorant they did not learn enough to recognise their creator. However, one has to ask, was it possible for them to do so and is it possible for us to do so? Majority of human beings in this world have never had even sufficient food never mind education.
The idea of quranic god and man is similar to the idea of a human giving birth to a child and then leaving the child in some remote place to fend for himself till he grows up and then the parent turns up and asks the child, do you recognise me, I am the one who gave you birth and have done everything for you? The child is bound to refuse acknowledgement because he never witnessed any of this. Would it now be fair for the parent to destroy the child for his refusal to believe the parent without any clear evidences from the parent? Islamic religion therefore cannot be a matter of faith when there is huge reward and heavy punishment involved. This makes it a matter for proof and proving. Moreover escape from severe punishment and attainment of huge reward depends upon correct beliefs and practices according to the quran and that is impossible without clear proof and proving. So before Islamic test or trial could be accepted as reason for human creation, it must prove to be true or else it is false and so is its stated purpose for human life and explanation for its origin and destination.
YUSUFALI: And your creation or your resurrection is in no wise but as an individual soul: for Allah is He Who hears and sees (all things).
Then why not create all at once and equal and give them an equal and fair test and reward them accordingly? Giving each of us different tests cannot be deemed fair and therefore any rewards or punishments would reflect badly on this god, for it is highly likely that people would be rewarded unfairly. Having no rules or fair rules in this game makes it a no contest. Moreover a god who has no power to tell us things clearly that we really need to know is not a god at all but a fictional god created by some humans in position of power to serve their own purpose. So the story of this god and his creative powers is merely a fiction by the author of the quran to satisfy the minds of controlled ignorant masses using oppressive and suppressive measures instead of reason for seeking the cooperation of the willing. The quran and the hadith talk about haphazard rewards and punishments by the quranic god and they promise things that do not exist in reality.
YUSUFALI: "'Seeing that it is He that has created you in diverse stages?
What stages? There are no real stages in this universe for all things happening here are happening constantly and continuously. There is no natural process that starts and stops in the middle and restarts in this universe. Stages, gradations or graduations we assume are not real but are needed for us to make sense of things for comparison purposes. Allah stating that he created us in stages is clearly wrong, for Allah thinks, he is doing these things as individual independent processes within the very same bigger processes that start and stop but in actual fact they do not. The real universe does not work like that rather it is like a clock work that is once set to go it will continue till it ends.
How did Allah bring us from the earth into our mothers wombs? I think there is a hadith that tells us that a person is buried in the same ground on the earth from where he was created or something like that. Also we are told that an angel forms and shapes a human being in his motherâ€™s womb, so who does the same in animal wombs. In hadith we are told that angels do not enter the houses wherein there are pictures of living things or dogs, so how would they enter the wombs of nonmuslims and pigs or dogs etc etc? Hadith have various theories as regard how Allah creates a human being inside his mother. There is no mention of twins or multiple births instead the process is explained for single births as if multiple births are not possible ie how could it be so when Allah is strictly controlling the process? The way the stories of human birth are told in the quran and explained in the hadith are so confusing. Is it possible that angel gets the dust from the earth and starts making it into a baby inside his mother as kids make toys from mud etc?
YUSUFALI: He Who has made everything which He has created most good: He began the creation of man with (nothing more than) clay,
How did the author of the quran come to know that man is created from dust, is it because people observed Allah doing that or is it that they observed that all things decompose back into dust so they assumed that all things must have come from the dust? In other places the quran states that all living things are created from the water eg 21/30. Is it that dust and water were used to get the needed mud for moulding it into various shapes and sizes like toys?
YUSUFALI: And made his progeny from a quintessence of the nature of a fluid despised:
Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 7:
Narrated Anas: 'Abdullah bin Salam heard the news of the arrival of Allah's Apostle (at Medina) while he was on a farm collecting its fruits. So he came to the Prophet and said, "I will ask you about three things which nobody knows unless he be a prophet. Firstly, what is the first portent of the Hour? What is the first meal of the people of Paradise? And what makes a baby look like its father or mother?'. The Prophet said, "Just now Gabriel has informed me about that." 'Abdullah said, "Gabriel?" The Prophet said, "Yes." 'Abdullah said, "He, among the angels is the enemy of the Jews." On that the Prophet recited this Holy Verse:--
"Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel (let him die in his fury!) for he has brought it (i.e. Qur'an) down to your heart by Allah's permission." (2.97) Then he added, "As for the first portent of the Hour, it will be a fire that will collect the people from the East to West. And as for the first meal of the people of Paradise, it will be the caudite (i.e. extra) lobe of the fish liver. And if a man's discharge proceeded that of the woman, then the child resembles the father, and if the woman's discharge proceeded that of the man, then the child resembles the mother." On hearing that, 'Abdullah said, "I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that you are the Apostle of Allah, O, Allah's Apostle; the Jews are liars, and if they should come to know that I have embraced Islam, they would accuse me of being a liar." In the meantime some Jews came (to the Prophet) and he asked them, "What is 'Abdullah's status amongst you?" They replied, "He is the best amongst us, and he is our chief and the son of our chief." The Prophet said, "What would you think if 'Abdullah bin Salam embraced Islam?" They replied, "May Allah protect him from this!" Then 'Abdullah came out and said, "I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah." The Jews then said, "Abdullah is the worst of us and the son of the worst of us," and disparaged him. On that 'Abdullah said, "O Allah's Apostle! This is what I was afraid of!"
Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 544:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "The first group of people who will enter Paradise, will be glittering like the full moon and those who will follow them, will glitter like the most brilliant star in the sky. They will not urinate, relieve nature, spit, or have any nasal secretions. Their combs will be of gold, and their sweat will smell like musk. The aloes-wood will be used in their centers. Their wives will be houris. All of them will look alike and will resemble their father Adam (in statute), sixty cubits tall."
Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 545:
Narrated Abu Salama: Um Salama said, "Um Salaim said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Allah does not refrain from saying the truth! Is it obligatory for a woman to take a bath after she gets nocturnal discharge?' He said, 'Yes, if she notices the water (i.e. discharge).' Um Salama smiled and said, 'Does a woman get discharge?' Allah's Apostle said. 'Then why does a child resemble (its mother)?"
Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 546:
Narrated Anas: When 'Abdullah bin Salam heard the arrival of the Prophet at Medina, he came to him and said, "I am going to ask you about three things which nobody knows except a prophet: What is the first portent of the Hour? What will be the first meal taken by the people of Paradise? Why does a child resemble its father, and why does it resemble its maternal uncle" Allah's Apostle said, "Gabriel has just now told me of their answers." 'Abdullah said, "He (i.e. Gabriel), from amongst all the angels, is the enemy of the Jews." Allah's Apostle said, "The first portent of the Hour will be a fire that will bring together the people from the east to the west; the first meal of the people of Paradise will be Extra-lobe (caudate lobe) of fish-liver. As for the resemblance of the child to its parents: If a man has sexual intercourse with his wife and gets discharge first, the child will resemble the father, and if the woman gets discharge first, the child will resemble her." On that 'Abdullah bin Salam said, "I testify that you are the Apostle of Allah." 'Abdullah bin Salam further said, "O Allah's Apostle! The Jews are liars, and if they should come to know about my conversion to Islam before you ask them (about me), they would tell a lie about me." The Jews came to Allah's Apostle and 'Abdullah went inside the house. Allah's Apostle asked (the Jews), "What kind of man is 'Abdullah bin Salam amongst you?" They replied, "He is the most learned person amongst us, and the best amongst us, and the son of the best amongst us." Allah's Apostle said, "What do you think if he embraces Islam (will you do as he does)?" The Jews said, "May Allah save him from it." Then 'Abdullah bin Salam came out in front of them saying, "I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah." Thereupon they said, "He is the evilest among us, and the son of the evilest amongst us," and continued talking badly of him.
Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 549:
Narrated Abdullah: Allah's Apostle, the true and truly inspired said, "(as regards your creation), every one of you is collected in the womb of his mother for the first forty days, and then he becomes a clot for an other forty days, and then a piece of flesh for an other forty days. Then Allah sends an angel to write four words: He writes his deeds, time of his death, means of his livelihood, and whether he will be wretched or blessed (in religion). Then the soul is breathed into his body. So a man may do deeds characteristic of the people of the (Hell) Fire, so much so that there is only the distance of a cubit between him and it, and then what has been written (by the angel) surpasses, and so he starts doing deeds characteristic of the people of Paradise and enters Paradise. Similarly, a person may do deeds characteristic of the people of Paradise, so much so that there is only the distance of a cubit between him and it, and then what has been written (by the angel) surpasses, and he starts doing deeds of the people of the (Hell) Fire and enters the (Hell) Fire."
Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 110:
Narrated 'Aisha: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "No prophet gets sick but he is given the choice to select either this world or the Hereafter." 'Aisha added: During his fatal illness, his voice became very husky and I heard him saying: "In the company of those whom is the Grace of Allah, of the prophets, the Siddiqin (those followers of the prophets who were first and foremost to believe in them), the martyrs and the pious.' (4.69) And from this I came to know that he has been given the option.
Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 6, Number 315:
Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "At every womb Allah appoints an angel who says, 'O Lord! A drop of semen, O Lord! A clot. O Lord! A little lump of flesh." Then if Allah wishes (to complete) its creation, the angel asks, (O Lord!) Will it be a male or female, a wretched or a blessed, and how much will his provision be? And what will his age be?' So all that is written while the child is still in the mother's womb."
Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 550:
Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Allah has appointed an angel in the womb, and the angel says, 'O Lord! A drop of discharge (i.e. of semen), O Lord! a clot, O Lord! a piece of flesh.' And then, if Allah wishes to complete the child's creation, the angel will say. 'O Lord! A male or a female? O Lord! wretched or blessed (in religion)? What will his livelihood be? What will his age be?' The angel writes all this while the child is in the womb of its mother."
Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 551:
Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, "Allah will say to that person of the (Hell) Fire who will receive the least punishment, 'If you had everything on the earth, would you give it as a ransom to free yourself (i.e. save yourself from this Fire)?' He will say, 'Yes.' Then Allah will say, 'While you were in the backbone of Adam, I asked you much less than this, i.e. not to worship others besides Me, but you insisted on worshipping others besides me.' "
Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 354:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Allah created His creation, and when He had finished it, the womb, got up and caught hold of Allah whereupon Allah said, "What is the matter?' On that, it said, 'I seek refuge with you from those who sever the ties of Kith and kin.' On that Allah said, 'Will you be satisfied if I bestow My favors on him who keeps your ties, and withhold My favors from him who severs your ties?' On that it said, 'Yes, O my Lord!' Then Allah said, 'That is for you.' " Abu Huraira added: If you wish, you can recite: "Would you then if you were given the authority. do mischief in the land and sever your ties of kinship. (47. 22)
Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 254:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: Allah's Apostle said, "On the Day of Resurrection Death will be brought forward in the shape of a black and white ram. Then a call maker will call, 'O people of Paradise!' Thereupon they will stretch their necks and look carefully. The caller will say, 'Do you know this?' They will say, 'Yes, this is Death.' By then all of them will have seen it. Then it will be announced again, 'O people of Hell !' They will stretch their necks and look carefully. The caller will say, 'Do you know this?' They will say, 'Yes, this is Death.' And by then all of them will have seen it. Then it (that ram) will be slaughtered and the caller will say, 'O people of Paradise! Eternity for you and no death O people of Hell! Eternity for you and no death."' Then the Prophet, recited:--
'And warn them of the Day of distress when the case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness (i.e. the people of the world) and they do not believe.' (19.39)
Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 298:
Narrated Abu- Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "No child is born except on Al-Fitra (Islam) and then his parents make him Jewish, Christian or Magian, as an animal produces a perfect young animal: do you see any part of its body amputated?" Then he recited,
'The religion of pure Islamic Faith (Hanifa),(i.e. to worship none but Allah), The pure Allah's Islamic nature with which He (Allah) has created mankind. Let There be no change in Allah's religion (i.e. to join none in Allah's worship). That is the straight religion; but most of men know not..." (30.30)
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